Mapping the Great Lakes: Find out if Lake Huron water ends up in your faucet

Mapping the Great Lakes: Find out if Lake Huron water ends up in your faucet
December 3, 2021 Alex Hill

Love staring at a map and discovering something interesting? Then “Mapping the Great Lakes” is for you. It’s a monthly Great Lakes Now feature created by Alex B. Hill, a self-described “data nerd and anthropologist” who combines cartography, data, and analytics with storytelling and human experience. He’s the founder of DETROITography and authored “Detroit in 50 Maps,” a book published in 2021. Find all his Great Lakes Now work HERE.

Where do we get our water? It’s a critically important and highly regulated question, yet it took some digging to find the answers.  

Specific to Lake Huron, there are a total of 30 public water supply systems across Michigan and Ontario that source surface water for nearly 3 million people to drink. Great Lakes Now spent the last month tracking down where and how that data is kept.  

Initially the best source seemed to be a database maintained by the Environmental Protection Agency based on the Safe Drinking Water Act. However, the database didn’t provide water sources.  

In Michigan, the Department of Environment, Great Lakes, and Energy published a list of public water supply systems from 2016. An open dataset of “point location assessment units” or water intake locations was also found on the Michigan Open Data Portal. The largest public water system may be the Great Lakes Water Authority service area north of Detroit. In Michigan, many municipalities source drinking water from underground wells even when they are located on the Lake Huron coast.  

On the other side of the border, Ontario is a mix, with some of the largest water supply systems maintained by the Ontario Clean Water Agency to an open dataset of “permits to take water” from the Department of Environment and Energy that reveal some of the smaller Ontario municipalities that source Lake Huron water.  

The Lake Huron and Elgin Area Water Supply System maintained by OCWA serves over 500,000 people in Greater London and stretches from the Lake Huron coast to the Lake Erie coast.  

Take a look at the map here: 

Map of public water systems in Michigan and Ontario that source from Lake Huron (Image created by Alex Hill for Great Lakes Now)

Correction: A previous version of this story misstated the two lakes from which the Lake Huron and Elgin Area Water Supply System draws.

Catch more news on Great Lakes Now: 

Rising Cost of Water in Michigan Leads to Affordability Problems

Great Lakes for Sale: Veteran activist and author puts renewed spotlight on diverting Great Lakes water

Featured image: Filling glass with water from faucet (Great Lakes Now Episode 1025)


  1. James r Crompton 2 years ago

    i think its more of a problem of who dumps their sewage and waste into lake huron

  2. Patrick Donnelly 2 years ago

    Hi Alex.
    Interesting article about who gets their water from Lake Huron. I enjoy your publication and have suggested a story or two to your editor in the past.

    The Lake Huron Coastal Centre (www/lakehuron.ca) researched the water supply systems for Lake Huron back in 2014 and came up with much different results (23 plants in Ontario and 5 in Michigan). It also found that Michigan’ers are much thirstier than Ontario’ians. 1,800 Megalitres / day were being drawn from 28 facilities total and Ontario servicing 20% of the total population and consumes 15% of the tap water withdrawn while Michigan services 80% of the population and consumes 85% of the tap water withdrawn.

    Also you may want to check your map. Your description in the last paragraph of your article got the wrong Great Lake. The Lake Huron and Elgin Area Water Supply System does not reach Lake Ontario. It takes water from Lake Erie. The City of London gets 85% of its tap water from Lake Huron and 15% from Lake Erie.

    A pipeline to Lake Ontario would be a very long pipeline…….and there are those nasty falls in the way to avoid, too!

    • Natasha Blakely 2 years ago

      Thanks for catching that misstep! – GLN News Director

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